Create a Mobile Responsive Multi-level Drop Down Menu


responsive menu for blogger blogs

The biggest hurdle while creating a Fluid layout is to convert your Static header menu into a responsive one. You need to replace your wide desktop menu with an auto-adjusting mobile menu that must match your webpage color theme and should also contain enough room for both your Navigation links and Search Form. It thus can play a two-in-one role. Today we will create a jQuery menu with Toggle effect to slide up and slide down the Link list. The Menu container will also contain a search functionality and will support nesting of as many child lists as you wish to create. Our previously shared Responsive menu lacked few features which we have covered in this menu. It is therefore an advanced Multi-level Drop Down menu with several important features which are:

  1. It is Fully Responsive - will auto adjust to any mobile screen size
  2. It will appear Only in Mobile devices - thanks to isMobileRequest Conditional Tag
  3. It has a Responsive Search Form - Users can now easily navigate through your site
  4. It supports Infinite Nesting - Its nested structure allows you to add infinite sub-menus!
  5. It is Cross-Platform Browser Compatible - Design Supported by all major browsers

We have added the same menu in mbt and all our client sites. You can see a live demo of this great menu in action:

DEMO (Appears when you reduce window size)
Tutorial Series
3. Hiding Widgets & Scripts in Mobile Templates [1], [2]
4. Design a Mobile Responsive Drop Down Menu for Blogger
7. Make Blog Sections Responsive: Header Widgets, Posts + Sidebar, Footer

Add This Responsive Menu in Blogspot

Since we write tutorials exclusively for blogger users, therefore non-Blogger users may ignore steps which are specific to Blogspot. Follow these easy steps:

1. Go To Blogger > Template > Backup your template

2. Click Edit HTML

3. Search for <head> and just below it paste the following code:

<script src='http://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/1/jquery.min.js' type='text/javascript'/>
<link href='http://fortawesome.github.io/Font-Awesome/assets/font-awesome/css/font-awesome.css' rel='stylesheet'/>
<link href='http://fonts.googleapis.com/css?family=Oswald' rel='stylesheet' type='text/css'/>

Note: The above code includes source links to jQuery library, FontAwesome icons and Oswald Font. If you already using anyone of it then you may avoid adding their respective source links.

4. Next search </head> and just above it paste the following CSS and JavaScript code

<style>
/*-----------Responsive Drop Down Menu by STCnetwork.org --------------*/
.sf-menu a.home:before,#searchnya button:before{position:absolute;font-family:FontAwesome;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;text-decoration:inherit;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased}.highlight{background-color:#f09903;color:#1a1308}#searchnya{float:right;width:80%;position:relative;right:0}.siy{bottom:0;left:0;background:none;font-size:19px;color:#fff}#searchnya input{padding:5px 10px;width:75%;margin:5px 0 0;background-color:#FFF;height:21px;box-shadow:1px 2px 4px #A2A2A2 inset;position:relative}#searchnya input,#searchnya button{border:0;-moz-border-radius:1px;-webkit-border-radius:1px;border-radius:1px;display:inline-block;outline:0;font-size:14px;font-family:oswald;color:#BDB5B5;font-weight:400}#searchnya button{background-color:#6FC415;padding:0;width:15%;height:31px;margin-right:5px;cursor:pointer;position:relative;top:0}#searchnya button:hover{background:#76D314}
#navitions{background-color:#242729;border-bottom:0px solid #6FC415;box-shadow:0 1px 9px #666;display:none}#mobilenav{display:none}#nav1{height:40px;position:relative;background:#242729;box-shadow:1px 2px 9px #6FC415}.sf-menu,.sf-menu *{list-style:none;margin:0;padding:0}.sf-menu li{white-space:normal;-moz-transition:background-color .2s;-webkit-transition:background-color .2s;transition:background-color .2s;position:relative}.sf-menu ul{position:absolute;display:none;top:100%;left:0;z-index:99;min-width:12em;padding-top:4px;width:100%}.sf-menu &gt; li{float:left;text-align:left;margin:0 1px}.sf-menu li:hover &gt; ul,.sf-menu li.sfHover &gt; ul{display:block}.sf-menu a{display:block;position:relative;height:40px;line-height:40px;text-decoration:none;zoom:1;color:#FFF;font-size:100%;padding:0 15px; font-family:oswald; -webkit-transition:all .4s ease-in-out; -moz-transition:all .4s ease-in-out; -o-transition:all .4s ease-in-out; -ms-transition:all .4s ease-in-out;transition:all .4s ease-in-out;}.sf-menu &gt; li &gt; a{font-size:105%;font-family:oswald}.sf-menu ul ul{top:0;left:100%}.sf-menu{float:left}.sf-menu a.home{background-color:#A30000;margin-left:4px;text-indent:-9999px;padding:0}.sf-menu li:hover{background:#222}.sf-menu ul li{background-color:#242729}.sf-menu ul li:hover{background-color:#333}.sf-menu ul a{font-weight:400;height:30px;line-height:30px;font-family:oswald,arial}.sf-menu ul ul li{background:#3C3C3C}.sf-menu li:hover &gt; a,.sf-menu li.sfHover,.sf-menu &gt; li &gt; a.current{-moz-transition:none;-webkit-transition:none;transition:none}.sf-arrows .sf-with-ul{padding-right:1em}.sf-arrows .sf-with-ul:after{content:&#39;&#39;;position:absolute;top:50%;right:.75em;margin-top:-3px;height:0;width:0;border:5px solid transparent;border-top-color:#FFF}.sf-arrows &gt; li &gt; .sf-with-ul:focus:after,.sf-arrows &gt; li:hover &gt; .sf-with-ul:after,.sf-arrows &gt; .sfHover &gt; .sf-with-ul:after{border-top-color:#FFF}.sf-arrows ul .sf-with-ul:after{margin-top:-5px;margin-right:-3px;border-color:transparent transparent transparent #FFF}.sf-arrows ul li &gt; .sf-with-ul:focus:after,.sf-arrows ul li:hover &gt; .sf-with-ul:after,.sf-arrows ul .sfHover &gt; .sf-with-ul:after{border-left-color:#FFF}.sf-menu li &gt; i{position:absolute;top:15px;right:15px;width:27px;height:22px;cursor:pointer;display:none;background-color:#6FC415;-moz-border-radius:2px;-webkit-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;outline:0;font:12px Verdana,Geneva,sans-serif}.sf-menu li &gt; i:after{content:&#39;+&#39;;color:#FFF;font-size:19px;position:absolute;left:5px;top:-2px}.sf-menu li ul li i:after{left:3px;font-size: 16px;top: -1px;} .sf-menu li ul li i.active:after  {left: 4px;font-size: 26px;top: -8px;}
.sf-menu li &gt; ul li i{border-radius:100px;-webkit-border-radius:100px;-moz-border-radius:100px; width:20px; height:20px;}
.sf-menu li &gt; i.active:after{content:&#39;-&#39;;font-size:36px;top:-14px}.sf-menu a.home{position:relative}.sf-menu a.home:before{position:absolute;font-family:FontAwesome;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;text-decoration:inherit;-webkit-font-smoothing:antialiased;height:30px;top:0;font-size:27px;left:9px}.sf-menu a.home:before,#view a:before{text-indent:0}html {-webkit-text-size-adjust: 100%;}
@media only screen and (max-width:320px){#searchnya input{width:67%}}
@media only screen and (max-width:768px) {
#navitions{display:block}#nav1{width:100%}#mobilenav{display:block;text-indent:-9999px;width:35px;top:4px;left:10px;position:absolute;height:32px;outline:0;background-color:#6FC415;-moz-border-radius:2px;-webkit-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;color:#FFF;text-decoration:none}#mobilenav.active{color:#fff}#mobilenav:before{content:&quot;\f0c9&quot;;top:3px;text-indent:0;left:7px;font-size:26px}#menunav{float:none;display:none;position:absolute;top:45px;left:10px;right:10px;z-index:99999999;background-color:#242729;padding:5px 10px}#menunav li{float:none;margin:0}#menunav &gt; li{margin:1px 0}.sf-menu a.home,.sf-menu a{text-indent:0;margin-left:0;-moz-border-radius:2px;-webkit-border-radius:2px;border-radius:2px;background-color:#1D1D1D!important;padding:5px 20px;border:0}.sf-menu a:hover{background-color:#2c2c2c!important}.sf-menu ul{position:static;padding-top:0}.sf-menu ul a{padding-left:30px}.sf-menu ul ul li a{padding-left:50px; }.sf-menu ul ul ul li a{padding-left:60px; }.sf-menu a.home,.sf-menu li:hover &gt; a.home,.sf-menu &gt; li &gt; a.current{color:#FFF;background-color:#cd2122}.sf-menu ul a:hover{padding-left:40px}.sf-menu ul ul a:hover{padding-left:60px}.sf-menu a.home:before,.sf-menu li:hover &gt; ul,.sf-menu li.sfHover &gt; ul{display:none}.sf-menu ul li,.sf-menu ul ul li,.sf-menu li:hover &gt; a,.sf-menu li.sfHover{background-color:transparent}.sf-menu a.home:before,#mbt-search-layout button:before,#mobilenav:before{position:absolute;font-family:FontAwesome;font-weight:400;font-style:normal;text-decoration:inherit}
}
</style>

<script type='text/javascript'>
//<![CDATA[
// Superfish v1.7.2 - jQuery menu widget - Joel Brich
(function(b){var a=(function(){var p={bcClass:"sf-breadcrumb",menuClass:"sf-js-enabled",anchorClass:"sf-with-ul",menuArrowClass:"sf-arrows"},f=/iPhone|iPad|iPod/i.test(navigator.userAgent),k=(function(){var c=document.documentElement.style;return("behavior" in c&&"fill" in c&&/iemobile/i.test(navigator.userAgent))})(),d=(function(){if(f){b(window).load(function(){b("body").children().on("click",b.noop)})}})(),m=function(s,t){var c=p.menuClass;if(t.cssArrows){c+=" "+p.menuArrowClass}s.toggleClass(c)},r=function(c,s){return c.find("li."+s.pathClass).slice(0,s.pathLevels).addClass(s.hoverClass+" "+p.bcClass).filter(function(){return(b(this).children("ul").hide().show().length)}).removeClass(s.pathClass)},n=function(c){c.children("a").toggleClass(p.anchorClass)},g=function(c){var s=c.css("ms-touch-action");s=(s==="pan-y")?"auto":"pan-y";c.css("ms-touch-action",s)},j=function(t,u){var c="li:has(ul)";if(b.fn.hoverIntent&&!u.disableHI){t.hoverIntent(l,h,c)}else{t.on("mouseenter.superfish",c,l).on("mouseleave.superfish",c,h)}var s="MSPointerDown.superfish";if(!f){s+=" touchend.superfish"}if(k){s+=" mousedown.superfish"}t.on("focusin.superfish","li",l).on("focusout.superfish","li",h).on(s,"a",i)},i=function(t){var s=b(this),c=s.siblings("ul");if(c.length>0&&c.is(":hidden")){s.one("click.superfish",false);if(t.type==="MSPointerDown"){s.trigger("focus")}else{b.proxy(l,s.parent("li"))()}}},l=function(){var c=b(this),s=o(c);clearTimeout(s.sfTimer);c.siblings().superfish("hide").end().superfish("show")},h=function(){var c=b(this),s=o(c);if(f){b.proxy(q,c,s)()}else{clearTimeout(s.sfTimer);s.sfTimer=setTimeout(b.proxy(q,c,s),s.delay)}},q=function(c){c.retainPath=(b.inArray(this[0],c.$path)>-1);this.superfish("hide");if(!this.parents("."+c.hoverClass).length){c.onIdle.call(e(this));if(c.$path.length){b.proxy(l,c.$path)()}}},e=function(c){return c.closest("."+p.menuClass)},o=function(c){return e(c).data("sf-options")};return{hide:function(s){if(this.length){var v=this,w=o(v);if(!w){return this}var t=(w.retainPath===true)?w.$path:"",c=v.find("li."+w.hoverClass).add(this).not(t).removeClass(w.hoverClass).children("ul"),u=w.speedOut;if(s){c.show();u=0}w.retainPath=false;w.onBeforeHide.call(c);c.stop(true,true).animate(w.animationOut,u,function(){var x=b(this);w.onHide.call(x)})}return this},show:function(){var t=o(this);if(!t){return this}var s=this.addClass(t.hoverClass),c=s.children("ul");t.onBeforeShow.call(c);c.stop(true,true).animate(t.animation,t.speed,function(){t.onShow.call(c)});return this},destroy:function(){return this.each(function(){var s=b(this),t=s.data("sf-options"),c=s.find("li:has(ul)");if(!t){return false}clearTimeout(t.sfTimer);m(s,t);n(c);g(s);s.off(".superfish").off(".hoverIntent");c.children("ul").attr("style",function(u,v){return v.replace(/display[^;]+;?/g,"")});t.$path.removeClass(t.hoverClass+" "+p.bcClass).addClass(t.pathClass);s.find("."+t.hoverClass).removeClass(t.hoverClass);t.onDestroy.call(s);s.removeData("sf-options")})},init:function(c){return this.each(function(){var t=b(this);if(t.data("sf-options")){return false}var u=b.extend({},b.fn.superfish.defaults,c),s=t.find("li:has(ul)");u.$path=r(t,u);t.data("sf-options",u);m(t,u);n(s);g(t);j(t,u);s.not("."+p.bcClass).superfish("hide",true);u.onInit.call(this)})}}})();b.fn.superfish=function(d,c){if(a[d]){return a[d].apply(this,Array.prototype.slice.call(arguments,1))}else{if(typeof d==="object"||!d){return a.init.apply(this,arguments)}else{return b.error("Method "+d+" does not exist on jQuery.fn.superfish")}}};b.fn.superfish.defaults={hoverClass:"sfHover",pathClass:"overrideThisToUse",pathLevels:1,delay:800,animation:{opacity:"show"},animationOut:{opacity:"hide"},speed:"normal",speedOut:"fast",cssArrows:true, disableHI:false,onInit:b.noop,onBeforeShow:b.noop, onShow:b.noop,onBeforeHide:b.noop,onHide:b.noop,onIdle:b.noop, onDestroy:b.noop};b.fn.extend({hideSuperfishUl:a.hide,showSuperfishUl:a.show})})(jQuery);
function menunav(b){b("#mobilenav").click(function(){b("#menunav").slideToggle();b(this).toggleClass("active");return false});b(".sf-menu ul").each(function(){var d=b(this).parent("li");d.append("<i></i>")});function a(){var d=b(window).width();if(d>979){b("#menunav").css("display","block");b("#menunav").superfish({animation:{height:"show"},animationOut:{height:"hide"}});b(".sf-menu i").css("display","none")}else{if(d<=979&&b("#mobilenav").attr("class")==="active"){b("#menunav").css("display","block");b("#menunav").superfish("destroy");b(".sf-menu i").css("display","block")}else{if(d<=979&&b("#mobilenav").attr("class")!=="active"){b("#menunav").css("display","none");b("#menunav").superfish("destroy");b(".sf-menu i").css("display","block")}}}}a();b(window).resize(a);b(".sf-menu i").click(function(){var d=b(this).parent("li");var e=d.children("ul");e.slideToggle();b(this).toggleClass("active");return false});var c=window.location.href;b("#menunav a").each(function(){if(this.href===c){var d=b(this).parents("li").children("a").addClass("current")}})};     
//]]>
</script>

 

5. Find <body> and just below it paste the following HTML code

<b:if cond='data:blog.isMobileRequest == &quot;true&quot;'>
<div id='navitions'>
        <div class='isi'>
          <nav class='navix' id='nav1'>
<div id='searchnya'>
               <form action='/search'>
           <input name='q' onblur='if (&apos;&apos; === this.value) {this.value = &apos;Search here…&apos;;}' onfocus='if (&apos;Search here…&apos; === this.value) {this.value = &apos;&apos;;}' type='text' value='Search here…'/>
                <button title='Search' type='submit'>
                  <i class='fa fa-search siy'/>
                </button>
              </form>
            </div>

            <a href='#' id='mobilenav'>
              Select Menu
            </a>
            <ul class='sf-menu' id='menunav'>
              <li>
                <a class='home' expr:href='data:blog.homepageUrl'>
                  Home
                </a>
              </li>

<li><a href='#'>LINK TEXT </a></li>
<li><a href='#'>LINK TEXT </a></li>
            
                   </ul>
           
            <script type='text/javascript'>
              //<![CDATA[
              menunav (jQuery);
              //]]>
            </script>
          </nav>
        </div>
      </div>
    </b:if>

 

  • Replace the # hash tag symbol with your Page URL
  • Replace LINK TEXT  with your Page Title
  • You can create sub-menus by following standard HTML by following these steps 
  • You can keep on adding new tabs just above </ul>

6. Finally save your template and you are all done!

 

Creating Multi Level Drop Down List

You are all done with the major code work. Now you just need to create the list in HTML using standard method. Any tab or link in your menu will have this structure:

<li><a href="#">LINK TEXT</a> </li>

To add a drop down list to this tab all you need to do is to paste the following code just before the closing </li> tag. See below:

<li><a href="#">LINK TEXT</a>

<ul>
<li><a href="#">FIRST LIST 1</a></li>
<li><a href="#">FIRST LIST 2</a></li>
<li><a href="#">FIRST LIST 3</a></li>
</ul>

</li>

To add a second drop down list within this vertical list, simply use the same concept. I will add the second vertical list after the tab: "FIRST LIST 2"

<li><a href="#">LINK TEXT</a>

<ul>
<li><a href="#">FIRST LIST 1</a></li>
<li><a href="#">FIRST LIST 2</a>

<ul>
<li><a href="#">SECOND LIST 1</a></li>
<li><a href="#">SECOND LIST 2</a></li>
<li><a href="#">SECOND LIST 3</a></li>
</ul>

</li>
<li><a href="#">FIRST LIST 3</a></li>
</ul>

</li>

 

Rest follows the same pattern.

Hide your Desktop Menu From Loading in Mobile Devices

To make sure  redundant links may not appear once because of your Desktop menu (menu you are currently using) and second because of your Responsive menu, we will have to disable your Desktop menu on mobile devices.

Enclose your Desktop Menu's HTML code inside the following conditional expressions:

<b:if cond='data:blog.isMobileRequest == "false"'>

Your Desktop Menu

</b:if>

The above condition will show the Desktop menu only in Laptops and Desktop screens but will hide it in Smartphones and Tablets/ipads. To understand in detail what the condition above does, please read part#3 of this tutorial series.

Credits

The menu uses the Superfish Plugin V 1.7.2 created by Joel Brich as the backbone for its front-end dynamic effects. Superfish is a jQuery plugin that adds usability enhancements to multi-level drop-down menus. Due to this plugin our menu now fully supports touch devices and keyboard interaction.

The design and customization to the scripts are contributed by STCnetwork. Kindly attach due credits back to this page if you wish to share this menu with your readers.

Need Help?

If you have any questions that you wish to ask then please do not hesitate to post them below. I hope the menu above may change the overall UI experience of your beautiful blogger blog for your mobile visitors.

The tutorial series above have been really popular this month and I would like to thank you all for finding it so useful. I am trying my best to complete it as soon as time allows. Wish you all a safe and happy blogging journey, Peace and blessings buddies! =)

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24 comments : Post Yours! Read Comment Policy ▼
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  1. Hi, Mustafa bahi
    hop you will be fine. after apply above settings to my "blog" @ mybloggertools.com , not anything will be change. is this your last post to create mobile epitomize or friendly blog ? i know this is Very Big Tutorial but i think every your blog reader is confused, because you create many posts about this... may be i am wrong. Thanks For your all posts and your work.

    Thanks Again :)

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. No buddy we have alot more to publish to complete this series. You will see this menu in your template if you add the mobile parameter in the url do like this.

      You can see it only at

      yourblog.com/?m=1

      but not on

      yourblog.com


      because the menu wll be visible only in mobile devices and since you are using a laptop or PC, you need to add that mobile parameter in order to see it. :)

      No one will be confused if they read it thoroughly and follow all steps carefully.

      Delete
  2. Thanks for another awesome article.

    Good to see a wonderful article. But script is too much big, can you make shortcode of this responsive dropdown.

    And how can float it with screen. Please provide the solution.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. To float it on screen use the position fixed property replace this

      #navitions{background-color:#242729;border-bottom:0px solid #6FC415;box-shadow:0 1px 9px #666;display:none}


      with this
      #navitions{background-color:#242729;border-bottom:0px solid #6FC415;box-shadow:0 1px 9px #666;display:none; position:fixed;}


      Shortcodes are created for simple objects and they are not meant for all widgets. This widget will look more complex if created in shortcodes :)

      Delete
    2. I think a issue will occur after adding position:fixed in the code. To fix that, you use this CSS:

      #navitions{background-color:#242729;border-bottom:0px solid #6FC415;box-shadow:0 1px 9px #666;display:none; position:fixed;width:100%;}

      Delete
    3. It worked for me!
      #nav1 {height: 40px;position: fixed;background: #455a64;box-shadow: 1px 2px 9px #6ab344;-webkit-transform: translateZ(0);z-index:99;}

      See the instruction to image.
      http://i.snag.gy/DjVRW.jpg

      Confirer the menu in my "blogger": http://responsivelab.blogspot.com.br/?m=1

      Delete
  3. Well what's about creating a short code for this menu, is it possible to do this?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Shortcodes are created for simple objects and they are not meant for complex widgets like this one. :)

      Delete
  4. Salahuddin ayubi isn't the responsive template. I'm using it please help.
    I've used mentioned code in Salahuddin ayubi but it's not working.

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Let me complete this series after which you will easily be able to make Salahuddin Ayubi Template mobile responsive yourself! :)

      Delete
  5. How to make it sticky or floating while scrolling page down?

    ReplyDelete
  6. I added the code "#navitions{background-color:#242729;border-bottom:0px solid #6FC415;box-shadow:0 1px 9px #666;display:none; position:fixed;width:100%;}" but after scrolling down the menubar is showing below the HEADER, BODY and other widget. How do I fix this pls?

    ReplyDelete
  7. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  8. My home button link still appear on mobile version of the responsive template i created. how can I remove it please?

    ReplyDelete
  9. I want the menu to be viewed in desktop too .How can I do it?

    ReplyDelete
  10. please i cant find the tag "body " in my template. what do i do ?

    ReplyDelete
  11. please tel me How To Hide your Desktop Menu From Loading in Mobile Devices

    ReplyDelete
  12. drop down list DEAD icon "+" or "-" code???

    ReplyDelete
  13. I tried using this but the menu is not showing am i doing something wrong? I double checked that I followed instructions exactly

    ReplyDelete
  14. Thank you for your coding
    I want to make my menu sticky. how to make that possible.

    ReplyDelete
  15. bro need a help ... the search button came down and there is white layer below the menu... i really need help plz...

    ReplyDelete
  16. i have some error here..
    i've followed your tutorial.
    thanks a lot man by the way..

    can you open my website with your phone?
    www.jokmobilmurah.com
    when i dropped down the menu button, and i have sub list and tab list
    the + icon and the font size and colour is error.

    can you please look it for me?
    i followed all your tutorial step by step
    thank you

    ReplyDelete